How to Start an Organic Farming Business in UK USA (Business Plan)

Organic Farming business

Do you have these questions in your mind?

  • Is organic farming profitable in the USA and the UK?
  • How much money do you need to start an organic farm in the UK and the US?
  • How much money can you make from organic farming in the UK and the US?
  • What licenses will you need for your organic farming business in the UK and the US?

In this article, you will find answers to all your questions. So please grab a cup of coffee, and let’s get started.

Table of Contents

Why start an Organic Farming business?

With a worldwide value of around $169.04 billion, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 12.2%, Organic Farming is one of the world’s most trending and popular industries. 


Organic Farming has become a popular business model in recent years as more and more consumers are looking for ways to eat healthy and sustainable foods.

Organic Farming is a method of growing and producing agricultural products, such as fruits, vegetables, grains, and livestock, using techniques that aim to support the health and well-being of the environment and the animals involved. 


Organic Farming is a significant part of modern and traditional culture & is profitable; congratulations on your decision to start this business. 

Market Insight: The organic farming industry is a significant and growing sector in the United States and the United Kingdom.

In the United States, it is valued at around $55.3 billion, while in the United Kingdom, the organic farming industry reached a total of £2.45 billion.

Organic Farming business

Steps to start an Organic Farming business?

1. Research: 

Begin by researching the local market and determining what crops are in demand and what type of farm you want to create. Next, consider your area’s climate, soil quality, and available resources.


2. Develop a business plan: 

Create a detailed business plan that outlines your goals, target market, and financial projections. The plan will help you understand the costs and resources needed to start and operate your farm.


3. Obtain financing: 

Consider the sources of financing available to you, such as loans, grants, and investments.


4. Acquire land: 

Look for suitable organic farming land, considering factors like soil quality, water availability, and market proximity.


5. Obtain organic certification: 

To sell your products as organic, you will need to obtain certification from a recognized organic certification body. This process involves completing an application and demonstrating that you meet the requirements for organic production.


6. Develop a crop plan: 

Determine what crops you will grow and how you will rotate them to maintain soil fertility and manage pests and diseases.


7. Prepare the land: 

Test the soil and add any necessary amendments to improve its quality. Next, plan the layout of your farm, including the location of fields, greenhouses, and other structures.


8. Plant and maintain crops: 

Follow organic farming practices to plant and care for your crops, including using compost and other natural fertilizers and controlling pests and diseases through crop rotation and biological control.


9. Harvest and sell your products: 

When your crops are ready, harvest them and sell them to customers through farmers’ markets, direct sales, or wholesale to stores or restaurants.

Organic Farming business

Types of Organic Farm Business 

There are many types of farm businesses that a farmer can choose from, depending on their goals, resources, and interests. Here are a few examples:


1. Dairy farming: 

This farming involves raising cows for milk production. 


2. Poultry farming: 

It involves raising chickens, turkeys, or other poultry for eggs or meat. 


3. Crop farming: 

This involves growing and harvesting various crops, such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts. 


4. Livestock farming: 

It involves raising animals for meat, milk, eggs, or other products. It can include raising cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, or different types of animals.


5. Greenhouse or nursery farming: 

This involves growing plants in a controlled environment, such as a greenhouse or nursery, to produce flowers, herbs, or vegetables.


6. Aquaculture: 

This involves farming fish, shellfish, or other aquatic organisms in a controlled environment, such as a fish farm or hatchery.


7. Specialty farming:

It involves producing exotic fruits and vegetables; specialty farms focus on creating high-quality, niche products and may sell directly to consumers or through specialty markets.

Organic Farming business

Pros and Cons of Organic Farming

Pros of an Organic Farming Business

  • You can produce your food and save money on groceries. 
  • You can be self-sufficient and independent.
  • You can have a direct impact on your local environment and economy.
  • You can have a healthy, active lifestyle and a closer connection to nature.
  • You can have a sense of pride in producing your food.

Cons of an Organic Farming Business

  • Large initial investment needed
  • Long hours.
  • Weather, pests, and other natural disasters can affect your crops.
  • You need to obtain special certifications or licenses.
  • Difficult to find markets for your produce.

TIP: Organic farming businesses must meet strict certification standards to label their products as organic and sell them in the marketplace.

Investment required to start an Organic Farming Business

The start-up costs for a small organic farm can range from $10K – $50K, depending upon the size of the farm, the type of crops or animals being raised, the location of the farm, and the resources and infrastructure already in place.


Few key factors that can affect the cost of starting an organic farm:


  • Land
  • Infrastructure
  • Seeds and plants
  • Equipment 
  • Labor
  • Certification
Organic Farming business

How much does the Organic Farming business make?

The average net farm income for mid-large size Organic Farms in the United States is around 70K – 300K. While in the UK, it is around £45K – £200K. 

However, it’s important to note that this figure is an average and the profitability of individual farms can vary significantly.

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Certification and Registration

Certifications needed for organic farming

In the United States,


Organic farming is regulated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) through its National Organic Program (NOP)


To be certified organic, a farm or processing facility must follow the USDA organic regulations, which include requirements for organic production and handling and specific standards for each product type.


These standards cover soil health, pest and weed management, and synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.


In the United Kingdom


Organic farming is regulated by the Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) through its Organic Farming Scheme (OFS).


To be certified organic, a farm or processing facility in the UK must follow the OFS standards, which cover areas such as soil health, pest and weed management, and synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.

Note: Obtaining organic certification can be a time-consuming and costly process, and it requires ongoing compliance with the relevant regulations.

Organic Farming business

Sales Channels for Organic Farm Business

There are many different sales channels that an organic farming business can use to sell its products. Some options include


1. Direct sales to consumers: 

This can include selling products at a farm stand, at a farmer’s market, or through a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) program where customers pay upfront for a share of the farm’s produce.


2. Wholesale to retailers: 

This could include selling to local grocery stores, co-ops, or restaurants.


3. Online Sales:

An organic farming business can set up an online store or sell through an existing e-commerce platform like Etsy or Amazon.


4. Subscription-based delivery: 

Some farms offer a subscription service where customers receive fresh produce weekly or monthly delivery.


5. Foodservice: 

Many organic farms sell to schools, hospitals, and other institutions that provide meals.


6. Specialty products: 

Some organic farms may produce a specific product, such as artisanal cheeses or heirloom vegetables, which can be sold through specialty food stores or online. 

Organic Farming business

Checklist of Organic Farming business equipment

Here is a list of essential equipment that you may need for an organic farming business:


  • Hand tools: 
    These include essential tools like shovels, hoes, rakes, pruning shears, and hand-held cultivators for preparing the soil and planting and maintaining crops.

  • Tractors and other mechanized equipment: 
    Larger farms may use tractors and other mechanized equipment for plowing, cultivating, and planting.

  • Irrigation equipment: 
    Drip irrigation systems and sprinklers can help conserve water and keep crops hydrated.

  • Greenhouses, fencing and other structures: 
    Greenhouses, hoop houses, fencing, composting, and other structures extend the growing season and protect crops from extreme weather conditions.

  • Pest control equipment: 
    Organic farmers may use traps, barriers, and other methods to control pests without using chemical pesticides.

  • Harvesting equipment: 
    Depending on the crops being grown, a farm may need equipment like tractors, combines, or hand-held tools for harvesting.

  • Processing equipment: 
    For farms that produce value-added products, processing equipment like dehydrators, juicers, and canning equipment may be necessary.

  • Storage and transportation equipment: 
    A farm may need storage bins, coolers, and vehicles for storing and transporting crops and products.
Organic Farming business

What are the methods of organic farming?

Some essential methods of organic farming include

1. Crop rotation: 
Crop rotation involves growing different crops in a specific order in the same field to keep the soil fertile and minimize the risk of pests and diseases.

2. Cover cropping: 
Cover cropping involves planting a cover crop, such as a legume, between rows of main crops to enhance soil health, control weeds, and prevent erosion.

3. Composting: 
This involves using organic matter, such as leaves and food waste, to create a nutrient-rich soil amendment that can be used to fertilize crops.

4. Integrated pest management: 
It uses various methods to control pests, including natural predators, traps, and physical barriers, rather than relying on synthetic pesticides.

5. Animal husbandry: 
This involves the humane and sustainable management of livestock, including the use of natural feed and the provision of appropriate living conditions.

6. Water conservation: 
Water conservation involves using techniques like drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting to save water and reduce the need for irrigation.

TIP: Organic farming businesses target consumers interested in sustainability, health, and supporting local agriculture. So, doing through research on that field is essential.

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Organic Farming business

Trends and Challenges in the Organic Farm Business 

Trends in the Organic Farming Business


1. Increased Focus on Soil Health


2. Growing Demand for Organic Produce


3. Expansion of Direct-to-Consumer Channels: 


4. Increased Use of Technology


5. Cost-Effective Practices


Challenges and risks in the Organic Farming Business include:


1. High startup costs


2. Lack of access to markets


3. Pest and disease risks


4. Weather risks


5. Soil fertility

Organic Farming business

Some organic produce that are generally popular in demand are:

  • Leafy greens (lettuce, spinach, kale, etc.)
  • Tomatoes
  • Berries (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, etc.)
  • Apples
  • Carrots
  • Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Avocados
  • Oranges
  • Bananas
  • Melons (watermelon, cantaloupe, etc.)
  • Grapes
  • Peaches
  • Plums
  • Nectarines
  • Peppers (bell peppers, chili peppers, etc.)
  • Cucumbers
  • Squash (summer and winter squash)
  • Corn
  • Beans (green beans, snap beans, etc.)


Organic Farming business

Organic farming organizations that inspire and motivates

There are many successful organic farm businesses in the United States and the United Kingdom. Here are a few examples:


  • Polyface Farm
    Polyface Farm is a diversified organic farm located in Virginia that raises chickens, pigs, cows, and turkeys using holistic management practices.

    The farm is known for its pastured poultry operation and has been featured in numerous books and media outlets.


  • Quillisascut Farm School
    Quillisascut Farm School is a small, diversified organic farm in Washington state that provides hands-on education and training in organic agriculture.

    The farm raises a variety of crops and animals using sustainable farming practices.


  • Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture
    Located in New York, Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture is a non-profit organization that operates an organic farm, a restaurant, and an education center.

    The farm raises a variety of crops and animals using regenerative agriculture practices.


  • White Oak Pastures
    White Oak Pastures is a multi-generational, diversified organic farm in Georgia that raises various animals using holistic management practices.

    The farm is known for its pastured poultry, beef, and lamb operations.


  • Trout Lily Farm
    Trout Lily Farm is a small, diversified organic farm in Vermont that uses sustainable farming practices to raise various crops and animals.

    The farm is known for its focus on soil health and its commitment to regenerative agriculture.


  • Soil Association
    The Soil Association is the UK’s largest organic certification body and membership organization.

    It promotes organic agriculture and supports organic farmers and producers through certification, advocacy, and education.


  • Organic Farmers & Growers
    Organic Farmers & Growers is a UK-based certification body that provides organic certification to farmers, processors, and retailers.

    It also provides support and resources to help businesses transition to organic production.


  • Organic Trade Board
    The Organic Trade Board is a membership organization representing the interests of the UK’s organic sector.

    It works to promote the growth of the organic market and provide support to organic farmers and businesses.


  • Biodynamic Agricultural Association
    The Biodynamic Agricultural Association is a UK-based organization that promotes biodynamic farming, a form of organic agriculture that incorporates spiritual and holistic principles.


  • Scottish Organic Producers Association
    The Scottish Organic Producers Association is a membership organization representing the interests of organic farmers and producers in Scotland.

    It provides support, resources, and education to help businesses transition to and succeed in organic agriculture.



Yes, an Organic Farming Business is a good idea; the profits are rewarding. However, you need to analyze your capabilities and limitations as there is no restriction to growing.


The organic farming market has expanded due to the growing demand for organic products.


Success in the organic farming business depends on local demand for organic products, land and labor availability, and the ability to follow regulatory and certification systems.


Happy Farming! 

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Handpicked inspirational Youtube videos for you

Life On A Farm – Morning & Evening Chores – Our Daily Homestead Routine – YT Channel ‘Cog Hill Family Farm’ 

The Roots of Organic Farming on Campus | The New York Times – YT Channel ‘The New York Times’

What is Organic Farming? | Agriculture | Biology | FuseSchool – YT Channel ‘FuseSchool – Global Education’ 

A. Some essential methods of organic farming include

1. Crop rotation

2. Cover cropping

3. Composting

4. Integrated pest management

5. Animal husbandry

6. Water conservation 

A. Types of Organic Farming business are:

1. Dairy farming

2. Poultry farming: 

3. Crop farming: 

4. Livestock farming: 

5. Greenhouse or nursery farming: 

6. Aquaculture: 

7. Specialty farming:


A. Compared to other agriculture farming techniques, organic farming reduces soil erosion, decreases nitrate leaching into the surface and groundwater, uses lesser pesticides and recycles animal wastes back into the farm.

A. Organic farming is a small but growing sector in the UK and the US. Organic farming is approximately 2.8% of the total UK agricultural land area in 2020. In the US, the organic farming sector has also grown in recent years, with the total acreage of organic cropland increasing by nearly 20% between 2018 and 2019. 

A. The start-up costs for a small organic farm can range from $10K – $50K, depending upon the size of the farm, the type of crops or animals being raised, the location of the farm, and the resources and infrastructure already in place.

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